Skill shortages

The Department of Employment carries out research to identify skill shortages in the Australian labour market. The research results provide information about skill shortages at the state, territory and/or national level.


The department’s skill shortage research programme covers more than 100 skilled occupations on an annual basis.

A paper outlining the methodology used in this research, including definitions for each rating, is available.

A rating of ‘shortage’ does not mean every job seeker will readily find employment - ratings should be viewed in the context of the full occupational analysis by reading the related occupational report.

The skill shortage research incorporates a range of data sources including the department’s Internet Vacancy Index (IVI). The IVI is based on a count of online job advertisements newly lodged on SEEK, CareerOne and Australian JobSearch during the month. As such, it does not reflect the total number of job advertisements in the labour market as it does not include jobs advertised through other online job boards, employer websites, word of mouth, in newspapers, and advertisements in shop windows. The IVI also does not take account of multiple positions being advertised in a single job advertisement. In addition, Department of Employment research indicates that around one third of vacancies are not formally advertised.

The skill shortage research does not provide information for particular regions or industries, but the department produces a range of products which provide analysis of regional labour markets and industries.

Information about Australian regional labour markets is available from:

Profiles of employment trends for occupations and industries are available from:

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